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Eating sardines regularly helps prevent diabetes

The health benefits of sardines and oily fish are widely known. The high levels of unsaturated fats in them help to regulate cholesterol levels in the blood and prevent the emergence of cardiovascular disease, however the benefits do not end there, according to what Medical Xpress has published.

A study conducted by Diana Diaz Rizzolo, Lecturer and Researcher at the School of Health Sciences of the University of Uberta de Catalunya (UOC), revealed that regular consumption of sardines helps prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes, as nutrients found in high amounts in sardines help - such as taurine, omega-3 and calcium. And Vitamin D - to protect against this disease.

Sardines are not only affordable and easy to find, but they are safe and help prevent the emergence of type 2 diabetes, and this food is easy to recommend during medical checks, and it is also widely accepted by residents, Diana Di Rizzolo explains.

Two boxes of sardines per week

The study included 152 patients aged 65 years and over who were diagnosed with prediabetes (blood sugar levels between 100-124 mg / dL) from three different primary care centers, and the patients were placed in a diet program that sought to reduce the risk of developing the disease. 200 grams of sardines were added to their diet every week (two cans of sardines in olive oil) to facilitate this consumption. These study participants received a list of recipes including canned sardines. Participants were advised to eat sardines whole without removing the bones because they are rich in calcium and vitamin D.

Improvements were noted in other important biochemical parameters of those who consumed sardines, such as decreased insulin resistance index, increased "good" cholesterol (HDL), increased hormones that speed up the breakdown of glucose (adiponectin), and decreased triglycerides and blood pressure, among others.

The study was conducted on participants aged 65 and over, because the incidence of diabetes is much higher in the elderly than among the young, and restrictive diets (in terms of calories or food groups) can help prevent the onset of diabetes.